Turbulence Education

The following turbulence education modules are typically offered as part of a 5 day workshop including Technical Instrument Training. Some or all of these modules may be presented depending on the goals of the workshop and interest of the participants.

Modules and Learning Goals

Fundamental Turbulence Theory

• Define turbulence

• Identify the Navier-Stokes equation

• Apply the Reynolds decomposition to the Navier-Stokes equation to derive mean and second order properties of turbulent flow

Ocean Turbulence Theory

• Apply dimensional analysis to derive length scales, such as buoyancy frequency, Ozmidov scale, Komogrov scale, and Batchelor scale

• Reduce the viscous dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy to a single term under isotropic conditions

• Describe the Osborn and the Osborn & Cox models

• Explain the Taylor Frozen Field hypothesis

• Identify, define, and describe the one-dimensional velocity spectrum, the shear spectrum, and the Nasmyth spectrum

Ocean Turbulence Measurement Techniques

• Identify key limitations of measuring fluxes in most regions of the ocean

• Explain why the velocity field is measured into the dissipation range

• Calculate the noise level required for deep ocean measurements

• Classify different operating environments, their average dissipation, and the corresponding length scale of eddies

• Recognize implicit and explicit profiling requirements

• Describe sampling noise

• Derive the error introduced by quantization of data during sampling

• Describe the concept of pre-emphasis

• Discuss the Goodman coherent noise removal technique

Other Techniques for Measuring Ocean Turbulence

• Examine the underlying assumptions of the Variance Difference Method using the ADCP

• Explain the pitfalls of the Variance Difference Method using the ACDP

• Describe the Structure Function Method technique using the ADCP

• Compare the advantages and disadvantages of using ADVs to measure turbulence

Special Topics

• Special topic units can be prepared by Rockland Staff upon request. For large group training, this unit may be provided by an invited Guest Researcher.

Ocean Microstructure Glider Workshop, OMG 2018, Bermuda, May 28 – June 1, 2018

OMG 2018 is a specialized training program for Rockland turbulence measurement systems that are integrated with ocean gliders. OMG 2018 will be hosted by the Mid-Atlantic Glider Initiative & Collaboration (MAGIC) at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences. Training will be optimized for both scientists and technicians and facilitated by instrument specialists from Rockland Scientific. […]

Ocean Turbulence Workshop : 22 – 26 January 2018

With support from the ONR-Global  program, the Environmental Fluid Mechanics Lab at UKZN, in collaboration with Rockland Scientific, is organizing a training workshop on Ocean Turbulence in January 2018. Rockland’s Dr Rolf Leuck, a leading international expert on the measurement of ocean microstructure,  will lead the workshop. The course deals with both theoretical and practical […]

Well-Attended Inaugural China Ocean Turbulence Workshop (COTW 2017) Comes to a Close

QINGDAO, CHINA, November 3, 2017 – Rockland Scientific Inc. (Rockland), in cooperation with partners JFE Advantech (JFE) and Ocean Science & Technology Company, Inc. (OST-Qingdao), have successfully concluded the inaugural China Ocean Turbulence Workshop (COTW) in Qingdao this week.  The 2017 COTW, with 45 delegates, brought together a wide range of Rockland instrument users from across […]

The 1st Summer School of Upper Ocean Turbulence, Gdańsk 2016

The 2 week course included a 2 week intensive training period (25 July – 5 August) with lectures by a diverse set of international experts that intend to cover a broad spectrum of problems ranging from application of spectral methods in turbulence data analysis to numerical methods in turbulence research. The last week of the […]

OMG 2017: Ocean Microstructure Glider Training

Ocean Microstructure Glider training, “OMG 2017”, is a 4-day training workshop that covers all aspects of turbulence measurements using MicroRider integration with ocean glider platforms. The training workshop will cover setup, operation, maintenance, deployment and processing of turbulence data. The workshop is scheduled for April 24-27, 2017 in Victoria, B.C. Canada. Please see the OMG 2017 […]

VicTOR 2016 Success!

Thank you to everyone who attended VicTOR 2016. It was a successful week and we are happy to see so many people learning about ocean turbulence.

Visitor’s Info Package for VicTOR 2016 Released

Only 2 weeks until VicTOR 2016! Please find all the information in our VicTOR 2016 Information Package.

VicTOR 2016: Victoria Turbulence Observation Retreat

VicTOR 2016 builds on success of previous turbulence training workshops held around the world The Victoria Turbulence Observation Retreat, “VicTOR 2016”, is a 5-day VMP training workshop that covers all aspects turbulence measurements using VMP profilers, from basic measurement theory, to the setup, operation, maintenance, deployment and processing of VMP turbulence data. The workshop is scheduled for […]

Announcement of Ocean Microstructure Glider (OMG) 2016 Training Program

    VICTORIA, CANADA, April 18, 2016 – Rockland Scientific Inc. (Rockland), Teledyne Webb Research (TWR) and their Spanish partner, INNOVA oceanografía litoral, are pleased to announce the inaugural Ocean Microstructure Glider Training Program (OMG 2016), scheduled for May 10 – 13th, 2016 at the “Marine Technological Service” (SITMA) within the University of Las Palmas […]